Scott’s Story – Transverse Myelitis & MOG Antibody Disease

This is Scott's story of how he was diagnosed with Transverse Myelitis and then MOG Antibody Disease, which starts in March 2020. Scott created MyMyelitis to help other diagnosed with rare neurological conditions.

The Attack

On Monday I woke up with a small ache on the left side of my lower back which felt numb. The following day I discovered that the ache had spread further along my lower back and around my waist. The numbness had also spread up the left side of my body. Every time I twisted or turned my body it felt bruised.

On Wednesday the numb feeling had started to become stronger, spreading across my chest and it had started to affect my breathing. I had to take painkillers to relieve it and to get through the day. Later that night, I found myself struggling to urinate.
I woke on Thursday morning with pins and needles in both of my legs and was completely unable to urinate. After sitting my exam that morning, I decided to ring the doctor.

The doctor wanted to see me as soon as possible, so I began walking to get a bus to the clinic. Whilst walking, my left leg was starting to weaken, causing me to be off balance and limp.

Once I reached the clinic, I told the GP the symptoms I had been experiencing through the week. He was unsure of what could be causing it but was very concerned about my inability to urinate. A bladder scan confirmed my bladder was holding at least 1 litre of urine. I needed to go to the Surgical Assessment Unit at the local hospital for treatment.

I arrived at the SAU and and had some of my blood taken as well as a indwelling catheter inserted to release the urine. The on-duty consultant then came and performed a neurological examination whilst asking questions about my symptoms and how they appeared.

Waiting for an MRI Scan

I was given a bed within the SAU overnight after having an MRI scan of my spine later that night. Whilst walking into the bed bay area I discovered I had lost most of the sensation and strength in my legs. I had to use the wall as support and guide my feet visually to avoid falling over.

The next day I had another MRI scan, but this time my including my brain and full spine. Neurological tests were done throughout the day as the strength and sensation in my body became worse. Eventually I received a call from a neurologist who had reviewed the MRI scans and had a diagnosis.

The diagnosis was Transverse Myelitis, which is inflammation of the spinal cord. The MRI scans has shown inflammatory lesions between segments T2 - T7 and T8 - T11 along with further inflammatory lesions in the brain.

Treatment and Recovery

I was admitted into a neurology ward and treated with IV steroids for five days. The steroids also reduce the inflammation in the cord which was causing the aches, pains, and other symptoms.

The IV treatment began to regain my energy and feeling, and my strength began returning to my legs. I was now able to transfer myself from the hospital bed into the chair beside it, walk short distances with aid (e.g. to the toilet and shower), and stand independently on my strengthening legs.

The next phase of recovery involved my taking oral steroids (Prednisolone) starting at 50mg. Whilst on the neurology ward they checked my heart rate, blood pressure and temperature daily, and they performed blood tests every other day.

I also had a lumbar puncture/spinal tap to get a sample of spinal fluid. This was to try find a cause for the Transverse Myelitis in the spinal fluid.

Alongside the medical treatment I began physiotherapy to help regain the use of my legs. This started by being able to stand by myself, transfer myself into the chair beside my bed and take assisted trips to the toilet and shower when needed.

I was able to keep my balance both with my eyes closed and eyes open. This progressed to finally being able to walk short distances and being able to use stairs.

Get Well Soon Cards

One part of my recovery that was proving to be an issue was urination. I undertook two Trial Without Catheters (TWOC) during the course of my stay in hospital. Despite the urge to go being very much there I was still withholding urine and were unsuccessful.

Discharged from Hospital and MOG Antibody Disease Diagnosis

On the 18th March 2020, I was able to return home after two weeks of treatment. I still had the catheter but I was able to walk out without any help.

Two weeks later I had another TWOC which was successful. I was also taught how to self-catheterise daily using temporary catheters which gave me more freedom.

On the 11th May I received a diagnosis of MOG Antibody Disease via a phone call from my neurologist. This changed my diagnosis from Transverse Myelitis to MOG Antibody Disease.

I was reminded in August that I was due an eye test as an annual check-up. On Wednesday 12th August I booked an appointment and went along to the opticians. I mentioned recently being diagnosed with MOGAD and that my eye sight may have been affected.

At the hospital they did not find any lesions in my optic nerves at hospital. But I thought getting the OCT was worthwhile.
The optician found something in the OCT scan which they wanted a second opinion on from my neurologist involving the optical disc. I decided to chase up the neurologist again to tell them to expect the results of scan from the opticians.

He mentioned that my optical disc may have been damaged in a previous MOGAD attack. Although I am not aware of a previous attack happening, the scarring from a previous attack could be what is showing in the OCT scan.

Later in the week I received a letter from the hospital for an appointment with the Eye Clinic. I presume this will be to further examine my eyes to see what has happened to my optical disc.

On the 11th September I visited the Uveitis/ Neuro Eye Clinic and went through another set of eye tests. This included a visual acuity test, visual field test and an OCT scan. The consultant explained that my optic nerve was not showing any signs of damage from a previous MOGAD attack.

Vaccines and Steroid Tapering

On the 13th October I had another telephone conversation with the neurologist. He gave approval to drop the steroid dosage to 7.5mg from the 14th October. I need to drop to and then maintain at 5mg from the 14th November until the next appointment.

The neurologist also advised me to receive the flu vaccine as soon as possible. I went to receive my flu vaccine from my workplace on Friday 16th October.

After having the vaccine, I spent the rest of the afternoon on site at my workplace. Ever since my episode of Transverse Myelitis I have been working from home due to the pandemic.

However, having the opportunity to spend some time back at the workplace showed that I can manage my condition there. This reduced the concerns I had about returning back to work and being able to manage my condition.

On the 14th November I dropped to 5mg of Prednisone as per the guidance of my neurologist. Except some minor joint pain there weren't many side effects of dropping the dosage.

I was to maintain the steroid dosage at 5mg until the next appointment. On the Monday 7th December I met with my neurologist for the first time since being in hospital. He explained that we needed to do another blood test to check for MOGAD antibodies before progressing further.

My steroid taper down would continue to 2.5mg on the 14th December. Then I would stay at this level until we get the antibody test result back.

If the test shows a high/medium amount of anti-MOG antibodies, I will remain on 2.5mg of steroids and go onto a preventative treatment. However, if the test shows low antibodies or a negative result then I will continue tapering from steroids completely.
An MRI scan was also planned for March 2021 to have a 12 month comparison to my initial attack back in March 2020.

On the 17th March I received my results back from the MOG antibody test. The test result was positive, meaning that MOG antibodies are still in my blood. If I tapered from the steroids it could potentially cause another attack.

I went for an MRI scan on the 9th April for a comparison to my MOGAD attack 13 months since it happened. This MRI scan was done using contrast and

The results for the scan came back a few weeks later. It showed improvements from the ones taken in 2020 but did show some places were the spinal cord has not yet healed. Reassuringly there were no new lesions on the MRI scan which shows that the steroids are working in preventing an attack.

My neurologist now wants to try another preventative treatment called Azathioprine. This will hopefully allow me to taper completely from the steroids and prevent damage caused by long term steroid use.

Finishing Steroids and Starting Preventative Treatment Azathioprine

On the 23rd July I got a call from my neurologist to discuss the next steps of treatment. To begin he told me to taper down from the 2.5mg of Prednisolone to 1mg each day for 4 weeks. Once that was completed, we would begin a preventative treatment and taper from the steroids completely. 

I would then begin taking 25mg of Azathioprine twice a day for two weeks before increasing the dose to 50mg per day. After another two weeks I would increase the dose by 25mg again to 75mg twice a day which is where I would keep it providing serious side effects or relapses. 

The plan is to then stay on the 75mg dosage for 1 to 2 years to prevent relapses. I was told the 2 years after the first MOG Antibody Disease attack is regarded as the period of time which a patient is most likely to suffer a relapse. The aim of the Azathioprine is to get me through this period whilst avoiding any long term effects of using steroids instead.

Ever since Azathioprine was mentioned to me by the neurologist I began researching into the treatment. The only issue I had with it was that there was a cancer risk associated with the treatment. Because of this I was concerned about taking Azathioprine for the long term. 

Thankfully the plan is to just be on the treatment for a few years before tapering from all treatments entirely, providing everything goes well with no side effects or relapses. Hopefully all goes well with this new treatment and I will no longer have to worry about the effects of long term steroid use either. 

I will begin tapering down from 2.5mg of Prednisolone to 1mg start on Saturday 31st July and start Azathioprine towards the end of August after 4 weeks have passed. If I have any side effects from either the taper or Azathioprine I will be sure to update you here and on the MyMyelitis Youtube channel.

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